Cancer imaging : the official publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society 2018 04 0518(1) 11 doi 10.1186/s40644-018-0144-x
Ultrasound shear-wave elastography (SWE) may increase specificity of breast lesion assessment with ultrasound, but elasticity measurements may change with transducer orientation, defined as anisotropy. In this study, we aimed to observe the anisotropy of SWE of breast lesions, and its correlation with clinical and histopathological findings.
This retrospective study was approved by institutional review board. From June 2014 to June 2015, a total of 276 women (mean age, 48.75 ± 12.12 years) with 276 breast lesions (174 malignant, 102 benign) were enrolled for conventional ultrasound and SWE before surgical excision. Elasticity modulus in the longest diameter and orthogonal diameter were recorded, including maximum elasticity (Emax), mean elasticity (Emean), standard deviation (Esd) and ratio between mean elasticity of lesion and normal fatty tissue (Eratio). Anisotropy coefficients including anisotropic difference (AD) and anisotropy factors (AF) were calculated, and correlations with malignancy, tumor size, palpability, movability, lesion location and histopathology were analyzed.
The average Emax, Emean, Esd and Eratio of the longest diameter were significantly higher than orthogonal diameter (P < 0.05). AUCs of ADs and AFs were inferior to quantitative parameters (P < 0.001), with AUCs of AFs superior to ADs (P < 0.001). ADs showed no significant correlation with malignancy, palpability, movability, distance from nipple and skin, and histopathological patterns. ADmean was significantly higher in inner half than outer half of the breast (P = 0.034). Higher AFs were significantly correlated with larger lesion size (P = 0.042), palpability (P < 0.05), shorter distance from nipple and skin (P < 0.05) and higher suspicion for malignancy (P < 0.001). AFs were significantly higher in IDC than DCIS (P < 0.05), higher in Grade II/III than Grade I IDC (P < 0.001), and correlated with ER/PR(+) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS
AF of SWE was an indicator for malignancy and more aggressive breast cancer.