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Unraveling the genetic cause of a consanguineous family with unilateral coloboma and retinoschisis: expanding the phenotypic variability of RAX mutations.

Unraveling the genetic cause of a consanguineous family with unilateral coloboma and retinoschisis: expanding the phenotypic variability of RAX mutations.
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Huang XF, Huang ZQ, Lin D, Dai ML, Wang QF, Chen ZJ, Jin ZB, Wang Y,


Huang XF, Huang ZQ, Lin D, Dai ML, Wang QF, Chen ZJ, Jin ZB, Wang Y, (click to view)

Huang XF, Huang ZQ, Lin D, Dai ML, Wang QF, Chen ZJ, Jin ZB, Wang Y,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 227(1) 9064 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-09276-0
Abstract

Ocular coloboma is a common eye malformation arising from incomplete closure of the human optic fissure during development. Multiple genetic mutations contribute to the disease process, showing extensive genetic heterogeneity and complexity of coloboma spectrum diseases. In this study, we aimed to unravel the genetic cause of a consanguineous family with unilateral coloboma and retinoschisis. The subjects were recruited and underwent specialized ophthalmologic clinical examination. A combination of whole exome sequencing (WES), homozygosity mapping, and comprehensive variant analyses was performed to uncover the causative mutation. Only one homozygous mutation (c.113 T > C, p.I38T) in RAX gene survived our strict variant filtering process, consistent with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. This mutation segregated perfectly in the family and is located in a highly conserved functional domain. Crystal structure modeling indicated that I38T affected the protein structure. We describe a patient from a consanguineous Chinese family with unusual coloboma, proven to harbor a novel RAX mutation (c.113 T > C, p.I38T, homozygous), expanding the phenotypic variability of ocular coloboma and RAX mutations.

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