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Unsolved Puzzles Surrounding HCV Immunity: Heterologous Immunity Adds Another Dimension.

Unsolved Puzzles Surrounding HCV Immunity: Heterologous Immunity Adds Another Dimension.
Author Information (click to view)

Agrawal B, Singh S, Gupta N, Li W, Vedi S, Kumar R,


Agrawal B, Singh S, Gupta N, Li W, Vedi S, Kumar R, (click to view)

Agrawal B, Singh S, Gupta N, Li W, Vedi S, Kumar R,

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International journal of molecular sciences 2017 07 2718(8) pii E1626
Abstract

Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) afflicts 3% of the world’s population and can lead to serious and late-stage liver diseases. Developing a vaccine for HCV is challenging because the correlates of protection are uncertain and traditional vaccine approaches do not work. Studies of natural immunity to HCV in humans have resulted in many enigmas. Human beings are not immunologically naïve because they are continually exposed to various environmental microbes and antigens, creating large populations of memory T cells. Heterologous immunity occurs when this pool of memory T cells cross-react against a new pathogen in an individual. Such heterologous immunity could influence the outcome when an individual is infected by a pathogen. We have recently made an unexpected finding that adenoviruses, a common environmental pathogen and an experimental vaccine vector, can induce robust cross-reactive immune responses against multiple antigens of HCV. Our unique finding of previously uncharacterized heterologous immunity against HCV opens new avenues to understand HCV pathogenesis and develop effective vaccines.

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