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Urinary incontinence among pregnant women, following antenatal care at University of Gondar Hospital, North West Ethiopia.

Urinary incontinence among pregnant women, following antenatal care at University of Gondar Hospital, North West Ethiopia.
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Bekele A, Adefris M, Demeke S,


Bekele A, Adefris M, Demeke S, (click to view)

Bekele A, Adefris M, Demeke S,

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BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2016 Oct 2816(1) 333
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Urinary incontinence is defined as a complaint of any involuntary leakage of urine. During pregnancy, the prevalence of urinary incontinence ranges from 32 to 64 %. Different factors like demographic factors, obstetric factors, and other external factors affect urinary incontinence. In Ethiopia, there is no study conducted so far on the magnitude of urinary incontinence and factors associated among pregnant women. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and associated factors among pregnant women following antenatal care at the University of Gondar Hospital.

METHODS
Institution based cross- sectional study was conducted among 422 pregnant women following antenatal care at the University of Gondar Hospital. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed. The results were considered significant at p-value < 0.05. RESULT
The overall prevalence of urinary incontinence among the participants was 11.4 % [48]. After adjustment episiotomy, constipation, obese women, chronic cough/sneezing, asthma/allergies/sinusitis was associated with urinary incontinence.

CONCLUSIONS
In this study, a lower prevalence was found than that of previous studies. There was a significant association of urinary incontinence with a previous history of episiotomy, constipation, maternal BMI, and respiratory problems.

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