The following is a summary of “Associations Between Bacterial Vaginosis and Urgency Urinary Incontinence in Women: An Analysis of Nhanes 2001 to 2004″ published in the December 2022 issue of Urology by Xie et al.

For a study, researchers sought to determine the connection between urinary incontinence (UI) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in American women.

Data were combined from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 2001 and 2004. To evaluate BV, self-collected vaginal swabs were employed. According to the self-report, there was urinary incontinence. In order to investigate the relationship between BV and UI in American women while accounting for relevant confounders, multivariable logistic regression models were utilized.

In all, 31.3% of the female responders had bacterial vaginosis. Women with bacterial vaginosis were more likely than women without the condition to experience stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (22.78% vs. 17.79%), urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) (12.86% vs. 7.26%), and mixed urine incontinence (MUI) (7.35% vs. 4.42%). In the adjusted analysis, the chances of urgency urine incontinence were 1.47 times higher in women with bacterial vaginosis (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.07-2.17, P =.0160), whereas the odds of stress urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence were not affected.

Bacterial vaginosis and female urgency urine incontinence appeared to be highly correlated after adjusting for recognized risk variables. The cross-sectional design of the study, however, precluded drawing any conclusions about causality. To investigate the relationship between BV and UUI, further fundamental and cohort research were required.