To illustrate the surgical management of advanced endometriosis causing extrinsic ureteral compression.
Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, reevaluation at 14-year follow-up, and review of urogenital endometriosis. Patient provided consent for the video recording and publication. This surgical report with no identifying patient data was exempt from Institutional Review Board approval.
Tertiary referral center.
A 42-year-old nulligravida with a known history of endometriosis presented with persistent pelvic pain and no other specific symptoms. She had previously undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy demonstrating advanced endometriosis involving multiple organs, including the urinary tract. She was referred to us for further surgical management. Preoperative intravenous pyelogram showed partial obstruction and constriction of a long portion of the midpelvic and distal left ureter with proximal hydroureter, consistent with extrinsic ureteral compression.
The patient underwent operative video laparoscopy using a multipuncture technique, with enterolysis, extensive left ureterolysis, shaving of periureteral constrictive fibrosis and endometriosis, cystoscopy, and placement of left ureteral stent.
There was extensive endometriosis and fibrotic adhesions involving the left pelvic sidewall. Proximal hydroureter was noted to the pelvic inlet secondary to severe periureteral fibrosis from the pelvic brim to the bladder meatus, with significant narrowing of the pelvic ureter. The endometriosis was resected using hydrodissection and shaving with a carbon dioxide laser. Histopathologic evaluation of the resection specimens confirmed endometriosis.
An intravenous pyelogram performed 4 weeks postoperatively revealed ureteral patency and resolving hydroureter, and her ureteral stent was removed. Annual renal ultrasounds for the subsequent 2 years were normal. Fourteen years later, she remained asymptomatic on no suppressive treatment. A follow-up intravenous pyelogram was performed and showed a normal urinary tract with bilateral ureteral patency and no recurrent strictures or hydroureter.
In selected cases, conservative shaving of periureteral fibrotic endometriosis avoids ureteral resection and has acceptable outcomes.

Copyright © 2020 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

References

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