Efforts to evaluate the health of solid organ transplant recipients are hampered by the lack of adequate patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) targeting this group. We developed the Transplant ePROM (TXP), which is based on a novel measurement model and administered through a mobile application to fill this gap. The main objective of this article is to elucidate how we derived the weights for different items, and to report initial empirical results.
The nine health items in the TXP were fatigue, skin, worry, self-reliance, activities, weight, sexuality, stooling, and memory. Via an online survey solid organ recipients participating in the TransplantLines Biobank and Cohort study (NCT03272841) were asked to describe and then compare their own health state with six other health states. Coefficients for item levels were obtained using a conditional logit model.
A total of 232 solid organ transplant recipients (mean age: 54 years) participated. The majority (106) were kidney recipients, followed by lung, liver, and heart recipients. Fatigue was the most frequent complaint (54%). The strongest negative coefficients were found for activities and worry, followed by self-reliance and memory.
A set of values and coefficients were developed for TXP. The TXP score approximated an optimal health state for the majority of respondents and recipients of different organs reported comparable health states.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.