The main objective of this open, prospective, multicentre, observational study is to investigate the relapse rate and tolerability of lactic acid gels in adult female patients with recurrent urinary tract infections during routine practice.
Data were collected from patients undergoing intermittent short courses of intravaginal treatment with lactic acid gel for prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections. The observation period for individual patients was 4 months, aimed at covering four short courses of intravaginal treatment. Data on UTI relapses, tolerability, handling and satisfaction with the treatment were collected via patient diaries and physician assessments and comprised any adverse events (AEs).
In total, 72 patients were treated. During the last 12 months prior to the study, patients had on average 4.0 UTIs. In the 4 months after commencing treatment, 63.5% of patients had no recurrence of UTI symptoms. Overall efficacy was rated by physicians as ‘excellent/good’ for 96.7% of patients. The patients’ overall acceptance of local treatment was high with 94.1% being ‘(very) satisfied’. Similarly, handling was rated as ‘(very) easy’ by 94.2% of patients. The tolerability was assessed as ‘highly tolerable/tolerable’ by over 98% of patients and physicians alike. Safety analyses reported six AEs of mild intensity, all of which had resolved by the end of the study.
Treatment with lactic acid gel may increase resilience against uropathogens, possibly preventing the need for antibiotic prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections. Treatment was positively assessed by the patients. The physician assessments corroborate these findings.
DRKS00016760, 18.02.2019.