Italian journal of pediatrics 2017 08 2243(1) 75 doi 10.1186/s13052-017-0388-2
This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the Non-Communicating Children’s Pain Checklist-Postoperative version (I-NCCPC-PV).
The original NCCPC-PV version was translated into Italian following the guidelines for "the translation, adaptation, and validation of instruments or scales for cross-cultural healthcare research". We tested the Italian NCCPC-PV version (I-NCCPC-PV) in 40 children (3-18 years of age) with severe to profound Intellectual Disability and no verbal communication. Each child’s behavior was observed by a parent or caregiver and by an external observer in a quiet situation and a painful one. They independently assessed the child’s level of pain using the translated Italian version of the NCCPCPV (I-NCCPC-PV).
The results from 80 assessments showed that children’s behavioral signs differed significantly between painful and calm situations (p < 0.001). The inter-rater reliability was poor in a quiet condition (ICC 0.62) and fair in a painful situation (ICC 0.77). The inter-rater agreement was good in both calm and painful conditions (72.50% and 77.50% respectively). CONCLUSION
The Italian version of the NCCPC-PV (I-NCCPC-PV) can be used for pain assessment in children with Intellectual Disability who lack verbal communication.