To investigate the effect of SARS CoV-2 on serum total PSA levels in men with BPH diagnosed with COVID-19.
The PSA (Kit: Immunoassay Program- Cycle 18, Siemens Atellica IM Analyzer) levels in patients who had had a PSA check at least 3 months, but no more than 6 months, prior to diagnosis of acute COVID-19 infection, were examined retrospectively. PSA levels were measured and recorded from these patients on the first day of diagnosis of COVID-19. These patients were called back for urology outpatient follow-up at the 3rd month after the end of the COVID-19 treatment. PSA levels measured in the pre-COVID-19 period, during the period of active infection with COVID-19 and in the post-COVID-19 period were compared.
In total, 91 patients had a serum PSA level of 1.58±1.09 ng/ml in the pre-COVID-19 period, a serum PSA level of 4.34±3.78 ng/ml measured in the COVID-19 period and 2.09±2.70 ng/ml in the post-COVID-19 period. It was determined that the serum PSA level measured during active COVID-19 infection was statistically significantly higher than the PSA levels measured according to the pre-COVID-19 period and the post-COVID-19 period (p<0.001, p<0.001; respectively).
SARS-CoV-2 infection in men diagnosed with BPH causes significant increases in PSA levels during the active period of the disease. Measurement of PSA values used in the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and follow-up of prostate diseases in the acute period of infection and in the early period after infection treatment may cause false evaluations that may affect the diagnosis and treatment steps of prostate diseases in these patients.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.