The following is a summary of “Neuro-ophthalmic complications of varicella-zoster virus,” published in the November 2023 issue of Ophthalmology by Tofade et al.
Researchers performed a retrospective study to review recent neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reported in the literature.
Despite varicella vaccination, the rising incidence of herpes zoster can result in severe ocular complications. Recent cases include varicella reactivation after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, ischemic optic neuropathy during herpes zoster ophthalmicus, VZV-induced orbital apex syndrome, and immune-mediated ocular issues in patients with previous neuro-ophthalmic VZV manifestations.
The study found that clinicians should be aware of the diverse neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of VZV to ensure early diagnosis and treatment, which improves visual outcomes.