Journal of medical virology 2017 09 06() doi 10.1002/jmv.24935
Recent years have seen a high incidence of mumps, which is generally diagnosed based on clinical features, especially parotitis, without laboratory confirmation in Korea. To better understand the epidemiology of mumps in Korean children, we investigated sporadic suspected mumps cases with parotitis. In total, 237 buccal swabs or throat swabs collected from children with parotitis who had been clinically diagnosed with mumps were tested using real-time PCR for the detection of six viruses (Epstein-Barr virus, Human herpesvirus 6, Mumps virus, Human parainfluenza virus-1, -2, -3, Human adenovirus, Human bocavirus). Among 237 parotitis cases, 87 (36.7%) were positive for at least one virus; a single infection was observed in 73 (83.9%) cases, and co-infections were detected in 14 (16.1%) cases. Epstein-Barr virus was most frequent (20.7%), followed by human herpesvirus 6 (8.0%), mumps virus (5.5%), human parainfluenza virus-3 (4.6%), human adenovirus (4.2%), and human bocavirus (0.4%). These data suggested that the sporadic suspected mumps in the children might be related to other respiratory viruses rather than to the mumps virus. Our findings also indicate the limitation of clinical diagnosis without laboratory confirmation for mumps and thus highlight the importance of laboratory testing in suspected mumps cases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.