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Virus-Triggered ATP Release Limits Viral Replication through Facilitating IFN-β Production in a P2X7-Dependent Manner.

Virus-Triggered ATP Release Limits Viral Replication through Facilitating IFN-β Production in a P2X7-Dependent Manner.
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Zhang C, He H, Wang L, Zhang N, Huang H, Xiong Q, Yan Y, Wu N, Ren H, Han H, Liu M, Qian M, Du B,


Zhang C, He H, Wang L, Zhang N, Huang H, Xiong Q, Yan Y, Wu N, Ren H, Han H, Liu M, Qian M, Du B, (click to view)

Zhang C, He H, Wang L, Zhang N, Huang H, Xiong Q, Yan Y, Wu N, Ren H, Han H, Liu M, Qian M, Du B,

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Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2017 07 07() pii ji1700187
Abstract

Accumulating evidence shows that innate immune responses are associated with extracellular nucleotides, particularly ATP. In this article, we demonstrate extensive protection of ATP/P2X7 signaling in a host against viral infection. Interestingly, we observed a significant increase in ATP as a danger signal in vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-infected cell supernatant and VSV-infected mice in an exocytosis- and pannexin channel-dependent manner. Furthermore, extracellular ATP reduces the replication of VSV, Newcastle disease virus, murine leukemia virus, and HSV in vivo and in vitro through the P2X7 receptor. Meanwhile, ATP significantly increases IFN-β expression in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Mechanistically, ATP facilitates IFN-β secretion through P38/JNK/ATF-2 signaling pathways, which are crucial in promoting antiviral immunity. Taken together, these results demonstrate the protective role of extracellular ATP and P2X7 in viral infection and suggest a potential therapeutic role for ATP/P2X7 in viral diseases.

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