Visceral fat is associated with increased arterial stiffness in youth with obesity, according to a study published in Pediatric Obesity. Simon Higgins, PhD, and colleagues evaluated associations between visceral fat and arterial stiffness in youth (aged 10-23) with healthy weight (236 individuals), obesity (BMI ≥95th percentile; 224 individuals), and T2D (145 individuals). Visceral fat and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) were assessed via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and applanation tonometry, respectively. Visceral fat and carotidfemoral PWV were greater in youth with obesity versus a healthy weight. There was a positive association observed between visceral fat and PWV in youth with obesity, and visceral fat was predictive of PWV beyond BMI and waist circumference. “We want to prevent cardiovascular disease,” a coauthor said in a statement. “We want kids to live strong, healthy lives into adulthood. But to do that, we need to know the underlying factors contributing to poor health outcomes so that we can identify where to target, whether that’s through diet, physical activity, sleep, or some other intervention. Identification is key, and then intervention is critical. One really important take-home message is that arterial stiffness, which predisposes children to cardiovascular disease down the line, looks to be the most pronounced in individuals who have a high body mass index.”