Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic allergic disease with esophageal symptoms and intraepithelial eosinophil infiltration. Effects of potassium-competitive acid blockers (P-CABs) on EoE have not been elucidated. We aimed to examine and compare the effects of P-CABs and PPIs on symptomatic, endoscopic, and histological responses of patients with EoE.
We analyzed 118 EoE patients who received PPI or P-CAB therapy with rabeprazole 10 mg (RPZ10, N = 22), rabeprazole 20 mg (RPZ20, N = 34), esomeprazole 20 mg (EPZ20, N = 25), or vonoprazan 20 mg (VPZ20, N = 33). We evaluated symptomatic responses by classifying the patients into three groups: complete relief, partial relief, and no change. Endoscopic responses were evaluated using the endoscopic reference score (EREFS) following PPI or P-CAB therapy. Histological responses were evaluated by determining eosinophil counts in esophageal biopsy samples and classifying the patients into two groups: complete remission [0/1 eosinophil/high-power field (eos/HPF)] and remission (< 15 eos/HPF).
There were no differences among the therapy groups in terms of clinical characteristics, endoscopic findings, and histological findings of the patients before treatment. The rate of complete relief in clinical symptoms was 54.5% in the RPZ10 group, 64.7% in the RPZ20 group, 72.0% in the EPZ20 group, and 75.7% in the VPZ20 group. There were no significant differences in the therapeutic effect among the therapy groups. Similarly, endoscopic and histological complete remission rates were not significantly different among the therapy groups.
Vonoprazan showed similar efficacy to PPIs in EoE.