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Water ingestion decreases cardiac workload time-dependent in healthy adults with no effect of gender.

Water ingestion decreases cardiac workload time-dependent in healthy adults with no effect of gender.
Author Information (click to view)

Monnard CR, Grasser EK,


Monnard CR, Grasser EK, (click to view)

Monnard CR, Grasser EK,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 117(1) 7939 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08446-4
Abstract

Ingestion of water entails a variety of cardiovascular responses. However, the precise effect remains elusive. We aimed to determine in healthy adults the effect of water on cardiac workload and to investigate potential gender differences. We pooled data from two controlled studies where blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were continuously recorded before and after the ingestion of 355 mL of tap water. Additionally, we calculated double product by multiplying systolic BP with HR and evaluated spectral parameters referring to vagal tone. All parameters were investigated for potential differences based on gender. In response to water, HR, systolic BP, and double product decreased significantly during the first 30 min. However, these effects were attenuated for HR and double product and even abolished for systolic BP over the subsequent 30 min. Over the entire post-drink period (60 min), decreases in HR and double product (all P < 0.05) were observed. Spectral markers for vagal tone increased with the on-set of the water drink and remained elevated until the end (P < 0.005). No significant gender difference in cardiac workload parameters was observed. We provide evidence that drinking water decreases, in a time-dependent fashion, cardiac workload and that these responses appear not to be influenced by gender.

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