This article deals with the general recommendations on vaccination and postexposure prophylaxis, which can be utilized for cuts and needlestick injuries. Cuts and needlestick injuries among surgeons are common occupational accidents. These should be interpreted as acute or emergency situations, especially if there was contact with infectious index patients or the danger of infection cannot be excluded. This results in high economic costs but also in the individual confrontation with an infectious disease that is definitely incurable. The aim of this review is to highlight the general and occupational vaccine recommendations for surgeons. In addition, background information and legal principles are presented. There is a duty to provide and to obtain information about effective protective measures against infectious diseases from cuts and needlestick injuries even for surgeons. In addition, primary prophylaxis, vaccination recommendations, and postexposure prophylaxis after cuts and needlestick injuries as well as the TOP principle are presented. The TOP principle comprises technical, organizational and person-related protective measures.
© 2021. The Author(s).