Researchers conducted this study to determine the prevalence of genital tract Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women and men attending different health care settings in Portsmouth and South East Hampshire.

The study design was prospective, opportunistic screening.

The study setting was Multiple health care sites.

Participants of the study were consenting from sexually active women and men.

A urine sample was tested for Chlamydia trachomatis, and positive patients were offered treatment and partner notification.

The presence or absence of chlamydia infection according to age, gender, health care setting, and reason for attendance.

A total of 14 756 samples were tested, giving an overall prevalence of 9.6%. The majority was significantly higher in women attending for pregnancy termination, antenatal care, women and men attending genitourinary medicine, and those with genital tract symptoms. The prevalence was different for men and women at different ages.

The study concluded that the prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection was high but differed at various health care settings and by reason for attendance. The understanding and testing of genital Chlamydia trachomatis must be assessed further by more researches. 

Reference: https://srh.bmj.com/content/29/1/17