Not much researches are available on young women’s fertility knowledge and awareness. Therefore this study was done to assess the young women’s fertility knowledge and awareness.

This study was a focused secondary analysis that was undertaken looking specifically at fertility knowledge in relation to contraceptive behavior. Two qualitative research studies resulting in a composite sample of 46 interviews with women were drawn.

In two ways lack of accurate knowledge about the menstrual cycle was evident. Young women drew conclusions about their invulnerability to pregnancy if previous UPSI had not resulted in pregnancy. Additionally, although participants were aware of EHC, there was no awareness of when it might fail other than after a certain time limit.

The study concluded through its findings that young women would benefit from a more nuanced understanding of fertility. Episodes of UPSI that do not result in pregnancy can encourage a belief that ‘it won’t happen to me’. Not having complete knowledge about EHC can also lead to unintended pregnancy. Information regarding the link between EHC and failure rates near the day of ovulation needs to be made available to general public through better advertisements.