A total of 4.95 million deaths associated with bacterial antimicrobial resistance (AMR) were estimated in 2019, according to a study published in The Lancet. Christopher J.L. Murray, DPhil, and colleagues estimated deaths and disability adjusted life years attributable to and associated with AMR for 23 pathogens and 88 pathogen-drug combinations in 204 countries and territories for 2019. In 2019, there were an estimated 4.95 million deaths associated with bacterial AMR, including 1.27 million deaths attributable to bacterial AMR, and lower respiratory infections accounted for more than 1.5 million deaths associated with resistance. The six leading pathogens in 2019 for deaths associated with resistance explained 929,000 deaths attributable to AMR and 3.57 million deaths associated with AMR.
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