The purpose of this study is to investigate the causes of penile length and girth concerns following penile prosthesis surgery and to evaluate the literature for current techniques used to address these issues. Inconsistencies in measurement, which prompted more research, revealed that there is a genuine decrease in penile length and girth after prosthesis surgery. Various ideas have been offered as to why this occurs, and several techniques have been recommended to assist counteract it in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative contexts.

The prevalence of erectile dysfunction is projected to rise, therefore it is critical for urologists to grasp the treatment options, which include prosthesis surgery. In relation to prosthetics surgery, several approaches have been postulated and tested in smaller settings in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative settings. However, bigger studies are needed to validate these findings in order to assist counsel and educate patients before surgery, as well as to utilize strategies to help prevent penile shortening.