Anaphylactic responses to inhaled allergens are the hallmark of airborne anaphylaxis, an uncommon condition in both industrial and everyday settings. Food, including organic combination odors, is the most frequent cause of airborne anaphylaxis. Drugs are the other significant reason, and among the numerous additional causes, there are frequent reports of exceptional occurrences. By examining the information provided in the relevant literature, researchers for a study sought to provide an overview of the possible causes of airborne anaphylaxis.

In terms of epidemiology, there was no information on the precise prevalence of airborne allergy in adults. Only 1 study has examined the incidence of food allergies in children that cause anaphylaxis. According to that study, exposure to food aerosols causes responses in 5.9% of cases, compared to food ingestion’s 78%. Airborne-related responses can also include symptoms including rhino-conjunctivitis, wheezing, dyspnea, and asthma, in addition to anaphylaxis.

Similar to rare diseases in general, a thorough anamnesis makes it easier to make the right diagnosis, which allows for the proper therapeutic and preventative treatments, but only trained medical professionals can carry them out. The theory behind the approach used in emergency medicine for other causes of anaphylaxis is that by referring the patient to an allergist upon discharge, who will educate them on how to recognize symptoms and access the right treatment, they will be able to stay out of dangerous situations.

Reference: journals.lww.com/co-allergy/Abstract/2022/10000/Airborne_anaphylaxis__highlighting_an_invisible.3.aspx