Using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey, which is based in the United States, researchers sought to determine the relationship between self-reported alcohol consumption and prostate cancer (PCa) screening for a study.
Men who participated in the PSA screening and alcohol consumption sections of the 2018 BRFSS survey between the ages of 55 and 69 underwent a cross-sectional analysis. The criteria for binge and heavy drinking used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention measured alcohol intake. Comparing the PSA screening rates of heavy and light drinkers and binge and non-binge drinkers allowed these comparisons. The link between self-reported alcohol consumption and the likelihood of PSA screening was examined using a sophisticated weighted multivariable logistic regression model using BRFSS sample weights and adjusted for socioeconomic factors.
There were 8,276 binge drinkers out of the 57,774 males eligible for PCa screening; their uncorrected PSA screening prevalence was 37% compared to 40% for non-binge drinkers (P =.018). Unadjusted PSA screening prevalence was 34% in 3,836 heavy drinkers compared to 40% in non-heavy drinkers (P<.001). Only excessive drinking was shown to be substantially linked with a decreased likelihood of PSA screening in the multivariable analysis (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.72-0.98, P =.02).
Given that excessive alcohol use may raise the chance of getting cancer, the finding that heavy drinkers utilized less PCa screening was interesting. Supporting cancer screening among heavy drinkers following guidelines may be a crucial tactic to lessen cancer risk in these guys.