Pulmonary hypertension (PH) results in increased right ventricular (RV) afterload and ventricular remodeling. Sacubitril/valsartan (sac/val) is a dual-acting drug composed of the neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril and the angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan that has shown promising outcomes in reducing the risk of death and hospitalization for chronic systolic left ventricular heart failure. This study aimed to examine if angiotensin receptor‐neprilysin inhibition using sac/val attenuates RV remodeling in PH.

RV pressure overload was induced in Sprague–Dawley rats via banding the main pulmonary artery. Terminal invasive hemodynamic measurements, quantitative histological analysis, biaxial mechanical testing, and constitutive modeling were employed to conduct a multiscale analysis on the effects of sac/val on RV remodeling in PH. Sac/val treatment decreased RV maximum pressures (29% improvement), improved RV contractile (30%) and relaxation (29%) functions, reduced RV afterload (35% improvement), and prevented RV‐pulmonary artery uncoupling. Furthermore, sac/val attenuated RV hypertrophy (16% improvement) prevented transmural reorientation of RV collagen and myofibers. 

In conclusion, Sac/val may prevent maladaptive RV remodeling in a pressure overload model via amelioration of RV pressure rise, hypertrophy, collagen, and myofiber reorientation, as well as tissue stiffening both at the tissue and myofiber level. Further study of the role of sac/val treatment in PH and RV remodeling is warranted.

Ref: https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/JAHA.119.015708