Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CDC: 704 Measles Cases Reported in U.S. Through April 26, 2019

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A total of 704 cases of measles were reported in the United States from Jan. 1 to April 26, 2019, representing the largest number of cases since 1994, according to research published in the April 29 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Maternal Comorbidity Higher for Women With Congenital Heart Defects

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Pregnant women with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are more likely to have comorbidities and experience adverse events during delivery, according to a study published in the May 7 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Combo Nicotine Replacement Tx Ups Success in Quitting Smoking

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People who use combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) are more likely to successfully quit smoking than people who use a single form of NRT, according to a review published online April 18 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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2009 WIC Food Package Change Tied to Reduced Obesity Risk

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Changes to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) food packages in 2009 to better align food options with the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans appear to be associated with improved childhood obesity outcomes in young children, according to a study published online April 23 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Adopted Children Should Undergo Comprehensive Health Evaluation

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children who join families through the process of adoption should undergo a comprehensive health evaluation shortly after placement in an adoptive home, according to a clinical report published online April 29 in Pediatrics.

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Patients Find Video Primary Care Visits Convenient

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Primary care video visits are convenient and may improve the patient-provider relationship, according to a research letter published online April 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Work Stress, Impaired Sleep Tied to CVD Risk in Workers With HTN

TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Work stress and impaired sleep are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality among workers with hypertension, according to a study published online April 27 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy Aids Patients With T2DM

MONDAY, April 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with type 2 diabetes who receive intensive treatment to keep their blood pressure levels at 130/80 mm Hg or below experience fewer heart attacks, strokes, and other diabetes complications, according to a study published online April 29 in Hypertension.

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Transition Support Program May Aid Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

MONDAY, April 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Structured support for patients transitioning from pediatric to adult care for type 1 diabetes may improve outcomes, but those benefits are not sustained after completion of the intervention, according to a study published online April 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Healthy Diet Tied to Lower Odds of Physical Impairment in Men

MONDAY, April 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Better overall diet quality is significantly associated with lower odds of impairment in physical function among older men, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging.

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Ambiguous Genitalia in Newborns Not Uncommon

MONDAY, April 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ambiguous genitalia in newborns may be more common than previously thought, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

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Hundreds Quarantined for Measles at Two Los Angeles Universities

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Quarantine orders have been issued to more than 200 students and employees at the University of California, Los Angeles, and California State-Los Angeles because they may have been exposed to measles.

The New York Times Article
UCLA Statement

Children With ADHD May Have Higher Risk for Poor Diet

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with more attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be at higher risk for an unhealthy diet, but diet quality does not appear to affect ADHD risk, according to a study published in the April issue of The Journal of Nutrition.

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Dapagliflozin Improves Glucose Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In patients with type 1 diabetes, treatment with dapagliflozin for 24 weeks improves time in range, mean glucose, and glycemic variability, according to a study published online April 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Improvement Needed in Doctor-Patient Lung Cancer Screening Discussions

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among individuals across the spectrum of lung cancer risk, efforts are needed to improve physician-patient discussion about lung cancer screening, according to a study published online April 25 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Gender Differences Seen in Adverse Drug Reactions

FRIDAY, April 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) may be higher for women, even when accounting for gender differences in drug use, according to a study published online April 2 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Eating Breakfast Tied to Lower Risk for Death From CVD

THURSDAY, April 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Skipping breakfast is significantly associated with an increased risk for death from heart disease, according to a study published in the April 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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CDC: Number of U.S. Measles Cases Reaches New High

THURSDAY, April 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of reported measles cases this year has reached 695, the highest number of reported cases since measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced yesterday.

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Many Seniors Will Be Unable to Afford Care They Need by 2029

WEDNESDAY, April 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of middle-income seniors is projected to almost double by 2029, and many will have inadequate financial resources to afford the level of care they need, according to a report published online April 24 in Health Affairs.

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CDC Provides Clarification of Opioid Prescribing Guideline

WEDNESDAY, April 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Implementation of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention opioid prescribing recommendations should be consistent with the guideline’s intent, according to a perspective piece published online April 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New York City Measles Cases Increase to 390

WEDNESDAY, April 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of measles cases in New York City has risen to 390, the health department said Wednesday.

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
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Some Children With Asthma Miss Critical Step in Inhaler Use

WEDNESDAY, April 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many children with asthma, especially older children using a spacer with mouthpiece, miss a critical step in inhaler technique, according to a study published online April 8 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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USPSTF Urges Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Screen in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening pregnant women for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) but not nonpregnant women or men. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online April 23 by the USPSTF.

Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Malawi First Country to Immunize Children Against Malaria

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Malawi has become the first country to start immunizing children against malaria, the World Health Organization says.

AP News Article

Los Angeles County Measles Outbreak Under Investigation

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A measles outbreak is being investigated by the Los Angeles County Department of Health.

The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health
More Information: CDC

Water Intake Affects Caloric Intake From Sugary Drinks

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children who do not drink water have a higher intake of calories from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), according to a study published online April 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Individualized Medical-Nutrition Therapy Important in Diabetes

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Diabetes-focused medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is fundamental to overall diabetes management and should be adapted as needed throughout life, according to a consensus report published in the May issue of Diabetes Care.

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Video Games Appear Not to Harm Boys’ Social Development

TUESDAY, April 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Playing video games is generally not harmful to boys’ social development, though it may be associated with less social competence in girls, according to a study published online April 23 in Child Development.

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Diminished HRQOL More Likely Among Transgender Adults

MONDAY, April 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Transgender adults are more likely to report diminished health-related quality of life (HRQOL), according to a research letter published online April 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: United States Set to Break Measles Cases Record

MONDAY, April 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Just a few months into the year, the United States is set to break an annual record for the number of measles cases.

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NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Metformin May Help Obese With Prediabetes Maintain Weight Loss

MONDAY, April 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Metformin is associated with long-term weight loss (LTWL), according to the results of the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS) published online April 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Preterm Birth Linked to Periconception HbA1c in T1DM

MONDAY, April 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women with type 1 diabetes (T1D), the risk for preterm birth is strongly associated with periconceptional hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level, according to a study published online April 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Need for Sedation Up for Regular Cannabis Users

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Regular cannabis users require a significantly higher amount of sedation for endoscopic procedures compared with nonusers, according to a study published online April 15 in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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National Hand Hygiene Initiative Successful in Australia

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The National Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI) has successfully sustained improvement in hand hygiene compliance, according to a study recently published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases and presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, held from April 13 to 16 in Amsterdam.

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Elevated Blood Lead Levels Prevalent Among Refugee Children

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Almost 20 percent of refugee children have elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs), according to a study published online April 15 in Pediatrics.

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Acetaminophen Safe as First-Line Analgesic for Most Older Adults

FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite a potential increased risk for stroke in patients with diabetes, acetaminophen is a safe first-line analgesic for most older adults living in nursing homes, according to a study published online March 26 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Sixty People Charged in Massive Opioid Painkiller Investigation

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fifty-three medical professionals, including 31 doctors, are among the 60 people charged by U.S. authorities for their alleged involvement in the illegal prescribing and distribution of opioid painkillers.

AP News Article

UB-421 Monotherapy Maintains HIV Viral Suppression

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Monotherapy with UB-421 antibody, which blocks the HIV virus-binding site on human CD4+ T-cells, maintains viral suppression for up to 16 weeks in HIV-infected persons undergoing analytic treatment interruption, according to a study published in the April 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Late-Pregnancy US Could Prevent Undiagnosed Breech Presentation

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Universal ultrasound at 36 gestational weeks could virtually eliminate undiagnosed breech presentation in nulliparous women, according to a study published online April 16 in PLOS Medicine.

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Perinatal Complications Tied to Childhood Social Anxiety

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Perinatal complications are associated with behavioral inhibition and social anxiety in children, according to a study published online March 19 in Infant and Child Development.

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Public Disclosure Law Improves Nurse Staffing Ratios

THURSDAY, April 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A New Jersey law requiring hospitals and nursing homes to publicly report the number of patients per nurse has led to better nurse staffing ratios, according to a study published online March 28 in Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice.

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Most Diabetes Phone Apps Lack Education, Support Functions

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most diabetes apps miss opportunities to improve care and health outcomes by not providing real-time decision support or situation-specific education on blood glucose self-management, according to a research letter published in the April 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Raw Tuna Linked to Salmonella Outbreak in Seven States

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Salmonella outbreak linked to frozen, raw ground tuna from Jensen Tuna has sickened 13 people in seven states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. The illnesses began between Jan. 8 and March 20 of this year. Two people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.

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Abnormal Romberg Test Predicts Prolonged Concussion in Children

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Abnormal performance on the Romberg test is independently associated with longer duration of symptoms among children and adolescents evaluated within 10 days after concussion, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

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Sleep Myths Are Commonly Circulated

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Commonly held sleep myths have a questionable evidence base, according to a study published online April 16 in Sleep Health.

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iADL Dependency May Up Mortality in Hematologic Cancers

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For older adults with hematologic malignancies, instrumental activities of daily living (iADL) dependency is associated with increased mortality and acute care utilization, according to a study published online April 4 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Stroke Hospitalizations Down in Black, White Medicare Enrollees

WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of hospitalization for stroke have fallen since 1988 for both black and white Medicare enrollees, while black men and women have had greater improvements in 30-day mortality after stroke, according to a study published in the April issue of Medical Care.

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Mixed Effects Observed for Workplace Wellness Program

TUESDAY, April 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A workplace wellness program improves certain self-reported health behaviors but does not impact clinical measures of health or health care spending, according to a study published in the April 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Prenatal Insomnia

TUESDAY, April 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective nonpharmacologic treatment for insomnia during pregnancy, according to a study published online April 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Replacing 30 Minutes of Sitting With Activity May Cut Mortality

TUESDAY, April 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Replacing half an hour of daily sitting time with even light physical activity is associated with a reduction in mortality risk among less active adults, according to a study published online March 21 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Over Half of Patients Have Suboptimal Response to Statins

TUESDAY, April 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than half of patients initiating statin therapy have a suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) response within 24 months, according to a study published online April 15 in Heart.

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Terminally Ill People in New Jersey Given Right to End Lives

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Terminally ill adults in New Jersey will soon be allowed to seek medical help to end their lives.

CNN Article

CDC: 555 Confirmed Measles Cases in U.S. Since Jan. 1

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The 555 confirmed cases of measles reported in 20 states between Jan. 1 and April 11 this year represent the second highest number of measles cases reported in the United States since measles was eliminated in the nation in 2000, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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Standardizing Demographics Ups Accuracy of Patient Matching

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Standardizing demographic data can improve the accuracy of patient matching, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Telehealth Video Visits Risk Fragmenting Care

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Although telehealth video visits offer users greater convenience, they risk fragmenting care without greater coordination with usual care providers, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Gestational Diabetes Linked to Incident Diabetes in Offspring

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with incident diabetes in offspring throughout childhood and adolescence, according to a study published online April 15 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Metformin May Cut Risk for Prematurity, Miscarriage in PCOS

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), metformin treatment from the late first trimester until delivery might reduce the risk for late miscarriage and preterm birth but does not prevent gestational diabetes, according to a study published in the April issue of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Added Sugar Labeling Could Reduce CVD, Diabetes Cases

MONDAY, April 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration policy on added sugar labeling could be a cost-effective way of improving health, according to a study published online April 15 in Circulation.

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Prevalence of Extragenital STDs High in Men Who Have Sex With Men

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Extragenital (rectal and pharyngeal) chlamydia and gonorrhea are prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published in the April 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Operator-Directed Sedation Seems Safe in Peds Cardiac Cath

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For carefully selected pediatric patients, operator-directed sedation (ODS) for congenital cardiac catheterization procedures is not associated with an increased risk for adverse events and may reduce case time and charges, according to a study published online April 10 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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In Pregnancy, Buprenorphine Use Up, Methadone Use Down

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2009 to 2015, the prevalence of methadone use decreased and buprenorphine use increased among Medicaid-enrolled pregnant women with opioid use disorder, and the 4Ps Plus and Substance Use Risk Profile-Pregnancy (SURP-P) scale are sensitive for identifying illicit drug use, according to two studies published online April 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Foreign Body Ingestions Increasingly Common in Young Children

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Foreign-body ingestions (FBIs) are common in children aged younger than 6 years and have increased over time, according to a study published online April 12 in Pediatrics.

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Older Adults With Hearing Loss Have Lower Patient Activation

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly half of older adults report difficulty hearing, and those reporting difficulty are at risk for low patient activation, according to a study published online April 2 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Mindfulness Yoga Aids Patients With Parkinson Disease

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Mindfulness yoga is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson disease to help them manage stress and symptoms, according to a study published online April 8 in JAMA Neurology.

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CDC: Prevalence of Autism at Age 4 Years Increasing

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 4 years increased from 2010 to 2014, according to research published in the April 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Superbug Fungus Has Sickened 600 Americans

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The United States has had more than 600 cases of infection with a type of fungus called a “serious global health threat” by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

ABC News Article
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Very Low LDL-C, Triglycerides Tied to Hemorrhagic Stroke Risk in Women

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women with very low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) or low triglycerides have an increased risk for hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online April 10 in Neurology.

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Stress-Related Disorders Associated With Increased CVD Risk

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Stress-related disorders are associated with cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online April 10 in The BMJ.

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SSI Risk Up After C-Section for Medicaid Beneficiaries

THURSDAY, April 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean delivery is increased for women covered by Medicaid versus private health insurance, according to a study published online April 9 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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FDA: Patients Should Not Abruptly Stop Taking a Prescribed Opioid

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Because of the danger of “serious harm” to patients, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is advising doctors not to suddenly stop patients from taking opioid painkillers, or drastically lower the dose.

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CDC: Still No Source As E. Coli Outbreak Grows to 96 Cases

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. health officials say an outbreak of Escherichia coli illness from an unknown source has risen to 96 cases across five Eastern states, up from the 72 cases reported last Friday.

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Review Links Adverse Events to Use of Herbal Meds in Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The use of herbal medicinal products during pregnancy and the postnatal period is associated with increased risk of adverse events, according to a review published online April 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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STI Incidence Up After Receipt of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For gay and bisexual men, receipt of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is associated with an increase in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), according to a study published in the April 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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People With Obesity Are Blatantly Dehumanized

WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People with obesity are not only commonly stigmatized, but are blatantly dehumanized, according to research published online April 2 in Obesity.

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CDC: Measles Cases Reach 465 This Year in the United States

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of reported measles cases in the United States hit 465 as of April 4, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday. That is 78 more than in the previous week’s update, CNN reported.

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Many NPs Unable to Prescribe Meds to Treat Opioid Addiction

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Greater practice restrictions are associated with a lower percentage of nurse practitioners (NPs) with waivers to prescribe buprenorphine, but no association is seen for physician assistants (PAs), according to a study published in the April 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Functional Impairment in Middle Age Linked to Adverse Outcomes

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Functional impairment in middle age is associated with an increased risk for hospitalization and nursing home admission, according to a study published online April 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Dietary Supplement Use Not Linked to Mortality Benefits

TUESDAY, April 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For U.S. adults, dietary supplements are not associated with mortality benefits, according to a study published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Guidance Statements Issued for Breast Cancer Screening

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Four evidence-based guidance statements on breast cancer screening have been developed by the American College of Physicians and published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Ten Infant Deaths Linked to Fisher-Price Rock ‘n Play Sleepers

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ten infants are known to have died in the Fisher-Price Rock ‘n Play sleeper since 2015, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) warns.

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Alcohol, Drug Misuse Tied to Long-Term Health Problems

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than one-third of U.S. adults in recovery for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use have health problems related to previous substance use, according to a study published online March 16 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Preventive Drugs Often Used in Last Year of a Cancer Patient’s Life

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Preventive drugs are frequently used in the last year of life among older adults with cancer, according to a study published online March 25 in Cancer.

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Draft Recommendation Promotes Screening Women for Anxiety

MONDAY, April 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adolescent and adult women, including those who are pregnant and postpartum, should be assessed for anxiety as a routine preventive health service, according to a draft recommendation statement published online April 1 by the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative (WPSI).

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October May Be Best Time for Older Adults to Receive Flu Shot

FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — It may be best for older adults to wait until October to receive their flu vaccine, unless that delay would cause them to skip getting their flu shot altogether, according to a study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Pregnancy History Not Likely Tied to Later Cognitive Function

FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is no clinically meaningful long-term association between pregnancy history and age-related change in cognitive function, according to a study published online March 18 in Menopause.

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Depressive Symptoms May Up Risk for Death in HIV+ Veterans

FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among U.S. veterans with HIV infection, depressive symptoms are associated with a significantly increased risk for mortality, but depression is not, according to a study published online March 29 in HIV Medicine.

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CDC: Prevalence of COPD High Among Some Nonsmokers

FRIDAY, April 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among individuals who have never smoked is high in certain industries and occupations, according to research published in the April 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Issues Warning on E-Cigarette Liquids Resembling Cough Syrup

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Warning letters have been sent to two companies that make and sell electronic cigarette liquids that look like prescription cough syrups, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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FDA: High Levels of Heavy Metals Found in Kratom Products

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Dangerously high levels of heavy metals have been found in dozens of kratom products, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

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Older Patients With Vision Loss Have Higher Hospital Use, Costs

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries with vision loss experience longer mean length of stay, higher readmission rates, and higher costs during hospitalization and postdischarge, according to a study published online April 4 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Readmission Risk Up With Shorter Stay at Nursing Facility

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with heart failure discharged to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) and then home, the risk for readmission is highest during the first two days at home and is attenuated with a longer SNF length of stay, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

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Early Hospital Intervention for Diabetes Improves Outcomes

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Early intervention for patients with diabetes in the hospital decreases hyperglycemia and hospital-acquired infections, according to a study published online March 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Drop Seen in Preinvasive Cervical Disease With HPV Vaccination

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Routine vaccination of young girls aged 12 to 13 years with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine results in a reduction in preinvasive cervical disease, according to a study published online April 3 in The BMJ.

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Adherence to Prenatal Screening Recommendations Varies by Lab

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Laboratories vary in the extent to which they adhere to recommendations from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) for noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS), according to a study published online April 3 in Genetics in Medicine.

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11 Million Deaths Attributable to Poor Diet in 2017

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Suboptimal diet is associated with increased mortality and morbidity from noncommunicable diseases, according to a study published online April 2 in The Lancet.

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Patient-Report Instrument Helps Identify ADEs in Older Adults

THURSDAY, April 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A patient-report instrument has good predictive value for identifying adverse drug events (ADEs) in older adults in the community setting, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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FDA Reports Cases of Seizures Among Young Vapers

WEDNESDAY, April 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned on Tuesday that there have been reports of teens experiencing seizures following the use of electronic cigarettes.

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New Plan Limits Out-of-Pocket Costs for Insulin

WEDNESDAY, April 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Out-of-pocket costs for insulin could be restricted to $25 a month for people under a drug benefit plan announced Wednesday by Express Scripts.

The New York Times Article

Many ICU Workers Contaminated With Drug-Resistant Bacteria

WEDNESDAY, April 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Improper removal of personal protective equipment (PPE) contaminates health care workers interacting with patients who are on contact precautions for multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), according to a study published online March 20 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Americans Borrowed $88 Billion in Past Year to Pay for Health Care

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About one in eight Americans borrowed a total of $88 billion in the past year to pay for health care, a new West Health-Gallup survey shows.

CNN Article
West Health-Gallup Survey

U.S. Measles Cases Already Top Last Year’s Total

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of measles cases in the United States so far this year has already surpassed the total for last year.

CBS News Article
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Sex Hormone Levels May Impact Development of Asthma

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sex hormones may impact the risk for asthma, with elevated sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) demonstrating a protective effect in females, according to research recently published in Thorax.

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Cesarean Delivery May Up Risk for Severe Maternal Morbidity

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cesarean delivery is associated with an increased risk for severe maternal morbidity, according to a study published online April 1 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Over-the-Counter Meds Save Health Care System Money

TUESDAY, April 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — On average, each dollar spent on over-the-counter (OTC) medicines saves the U.S. health care system $7.20, totaling nearly $146 billion in annual savings, according to a report released March 18 by the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA).

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Undiagnosed Gestational Diabetes Ups Risk for Stillbirth

MONDAY, April 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who are not screened or diagnosed are more likely to experience stillbirth than women who undergo screening, according to a study published online March 19 in BJOG, an international journal of obstetrics and gynecology.

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Liquid Meal Replacements Cut Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

MONDAY, April 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Liquid meal replacements in weight loss diets lead to modest reductions in cardiometabolic risk factors for overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a review published online March 28 in Diabetes Care.

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