The main  propose is an integrated model of aqueous outflow control that employs a pump-conduit system in this article. Our model exploits accepted physiologic regulatory mechanisms such as those of the arterial, venous, and lymphatic systems. Here, we also provide a framework for developing novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to improve glaucoma patient care. In the model, the trabecular meshwork distends and recoils in response to continuous physiologic IOP transients like the ocular pulse, blinking, and eye movement. The elasticity of the trabecular meshwork determines cyclic volume changes in Schlemm’s canal (SC). Tube-like SC inlet valves provide aqueous entry into the canal, and outlet valve leaflets at collector channels control aqueous exit from SC. Connections between the pressure-sensing trabecular meshwork and the outlet valve leaflets dynamically control flow from SC. Normal function requires regulation of the trabecular meshwork properties that determine distention and recoil. The aqueous pump-conduit provides short-term pressure control by varying stroke volume in response to pressure changes. Modulating TM constituents that regulate stroke volume provides long-term control. The aqueous outflow pump fails in glaucoma due to the loss of trabecular tissue elastance, as well as alterations in ciliary body tension. These processes lead to SC wall apposition and loss of motion. Visible evidence of pump failure includes a lack of pulsatile aqueous discharge into aqueous veins and reduced ability to reflux blood into SC.

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