This study states that Many patients with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immunotherapy experience immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Patients with metastatic NSCLC who receive checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) and experience irAEs generally receive fewer cycles of CPI without decreased efficacy. However, the association between irAEs and efficacy outcomes in patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with curative intent with CPI after chemoradiation has never been reported. Here we report a retrospective analysis of the association between irAEs and efficacy outcomes from the Hoosier Cancer Research Network (HCRN) LUN 14-179 single-arm phase 2 trial of consolidation pembrolizumab after chemoradiation in patients with stage III NSCLC.

A total of 92 eligible patients were enrolled from March 2015 to November 2016. Demographics, disease characteristics, and number of pembrolizumab cycles received were reported in patients with and without irAEs. Chi-square test was used for comparisons for categorical variables and Wilcoxon test for continuous variables. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze time to metastatic disease or death (TMDD), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). A log-rank test was used to compare groups. Any grade irAEs occurred in 55.4% of patients. There was no significant difference in number of pembrolizumab cycles received, TMDD, OS, or PFS in patients with and without irAEs.

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