Men’s and women’s attitudes towards the male contraceptive pill and their trust in the male pill’s effective use were studied. Researchers also focused on the associated variables of reported health behaviors, perceived self-efficacy, and type of sexual relationship, using a questionnaire survey.

Although both sexes had a favorable attitude towards the male pill, females had a more positive attitude than men. Conversely, women had less trust that men would use the male pill effectively. Males in stable sexual relationships were more positive about the male pill than those in casual sexual relationships. Gender, relationship type, and trust in the male pill’s effective use reliably predicted the male pill’s attitude. High perceived self-efficacy was related to engaging in more healthy behaviors, and in men, a positive association between health behaviors and attitude towards the male pill has been found.

The study concluded that a positive attitude towards the male pill does not automatically imply that it is confident about its practical use. Once the male pill is widely available, promotional campaigns could target not only men but also their female partners, as the latter tend to come into contact with health services more frequently. A variety of presentations of the male pill should be made available in line with individual needs and lifestyles to increase practical implementation confidence.