A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of 14 brief suicide prevention interventions (BSPs) administered in healthcare settings. The mechanisms that were put into action to carry out these interventions successfully were called implementation strategies (i.e., methods used to enhance the adoption, implementation, or sustainability of clinical practice). Studies on the efficacy or effectiveness of anything published may or may not give enough documentation of the implementation tactics used. This could be because journals have a limited amount of space available, or it could be because individuals unfamiliar with the discipline of implementation science may not grasp the language being utilized. Even if the procedures used to ensure the success of intervention during an efficacy or effectiveness study could be different from those necessary in everyday practice, noting the procedures used during the former might assist the design of the latter. Researchers conducted a study comparing the authors’ reports of the implementation methods they utilized to support the BSPs under consideration with the descriptions of those techniques found in the authors’ published works. These descriptions were solicited from the papers included in the recent meta-analysis.

Source: jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2793520