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Treatment Model Linked to Drop in Post-Incarceration Overdoses

Introduction of model to treat opioid use disorder tied to drop in overdose deaths after incarceration

Accelerated Lung Function Decline for Women Who Clean

Faster decline in women responsible for cleaning at home, occupational cleaners, but not for men

Chronic Opioid Users May Wish to Taper Opioid Use

In study completers, median morphine equivalent daily dose fell from 288 mg to 150 mg in four months

Prenatal Valproate Exposure May Impact School Performance

Significant decrease in school performance for offspring exposed to valproate versus lamotrigine

All Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Mortality in Older Men

Similarly beneficial effect for accumulation of activity in bouts of ≥10 minutes, sporadic minutes

Influenza A(H3N2) Viruses Predominate 2017-2018 Season

Vaccine effectiveness estimated at 25 percent against A(H3N2)

Follow-Up Lacking for Teen, Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Many young adult cancer survivors do not follow up properly, independent of disease type or insurance

Rotating Night Shift Work Tied to Increased Odds of T2DM

Working more night shifts per month linked to increased odds of type 2 diabetes

Significant Challenges for Developmental-Behavioral Peds

Care issues include long waits, high case complexity, poor reimbursement, and provider burnout

Short Stature in Childhood Tied to Higher Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Increased risk seen for ischemic stroke in both sexes, intracerebral hemorrhage in men

Rise in Use of Antihypertensives in Delivery With Preeclampsia

Treatment trend associated with decreased risk of maternal stroke over same time period

Ultra-Processed Food Linked to Increased Overall Cancer Risk

10% increase in proportions of ultra-processed foods tied to >10% higher breast and overall cancer risk

Many in Oregon View Alcohol As More Harmful Than Marijuana

In survey, 52.5 percent called alcohol more harmful, 40 percent considered the two equally harmful

Patient Involvement May Promote Hand Washing in the Hospital

More research needed on best way for patients to promote health care providers hand hygiene

Patients Want Physicians to Have Greater Connectivity

Most patients want greater connectivity, online tools, convenience via SMS, and more time with doctors

Opioids Plus Acetaminophen, Ketorolac Cost-Effective Post-Sx

In children having scoliosis surgery, combo is linked to reduced opioid intake compared with opioids alone

Greater Weight Loss With RYGB in Obese With T2DM at Three Years

Lasting improvements in weight, HbA1c, cardiovascular risk vs. intensive weight management

Mean Depth of Ultrasonographic Penetration Greater in Autism

Greater depth in first trimester versus developmental delay group, typical development group

Low Dose-Rate Far-UVC Light Can Inactivate Influenza Virus

Far-UVC at 222-nm light can inactivate aerosolized viruses; >95 percent of H1N1 influenza inactivated

GI Surgical Site Infections Higher in Low-Income Countries

Infection risk highest in countries with low income, low Human Development Index

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