Complement-mediated disorders in pregnancy span a large spectrum and have been implicated in all three complement pathways: classical, lectin, and alternative. Our understanding of these disorders in recent years has advanced due to a better understanding of complement regulatory proteins, such as complement factor H, complement factor I, membrane cofactor protein, and thrombomodulin that particularly affect the alternative complement pathway. Enthusiasm in genotyping for mutations that encode these proteins has allowed us to study the presence of genetic variants which may predispose women to develop conditions such as pregnancy-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (P-aHUS), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, preeclampsia/hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP), systemic lupus erythematosus/antiphospholipid syndrome, and peripartum cardiomyopathy. The advent of the anti-C5-antibody eculizumab to quench the complement cascade has already proven in small case series to improve maternal kidney outcomes in complement-mediated obstetric catastrophes such as P-aHUS and HELLP.


Reference link-