This study states that Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of death in patients with carotid artery disease and silent ischemia is a marker for adverse coronary events. A new noninvasive cardiac diagnostic test, coronary computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) can reliably identify ischemia-producing coronary stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease and help to select patients for coronary revascularization. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of silent coronary ischemia in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and to evaluate the usefulness of FFRCT in selecting patients for coronary revascularization to decrease cardiac events and improve survival.

Patients with no cardiac history or symptoms admitted for elective CEA were enrolled in a prospective, open-label, institutional review board-approved study and underwent preoperative coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and FFRCT with results available to physicians for patient management. Lesion-specific coronary ischemia was defined as FFRCT of 0.80 or less distal to a focal coronary stenosis with an FFRCT of 0.75 or less, indicating severe ischemia.

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