This study states that Acute limb ischemia (ALI) carries significant overall morbidity and mortality. Pregnant and postpartum women are physiologically hypercoagulable, but little is known about the impact of ALI in this cohort of patients. The goal of this systematic review was to gather available data on diagnosis and treatment of ALI during pregnancy and the postpartum period.

A systematic review of studies on patients with ALI during pregnancy and the puerperium was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Three databases including PubMed MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library were queried. Manuscripts that provided data on diagnosis and treatment of ALI in pregnant and postpartum patients were included regardless of language or study design. Outcomes of interest included type of treatment for ALI (open and endovascular), morbidity, and mortality.

Fourteen manuscripts of 6222 references were included with a total of 14 patients. The median age of patients was 31.5 years. Embolism, present in eight (57%) patients, was slightly more common than thrombosis. All patients had a pregnancy complication or concomitant medical condition that might have predisposed to arterial occlusion either directly or indirectly by leading to iatrogenic arterial injury.

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