Vestibular symptoms are associated with an increased risk for migraine, according to a study published in Frontiers in Neuroscience. Investigators examined the association between different vestibular symptoms and migraine and non-migraine headaches using a questionnaire from patients categorized into three groups: no headache, migraine, and non-migraine headache. Among them, 233 patients (28.7%) had headaches, including 94 with migraine (13.3%); 235 cases involved vestibular symptoms. Independent factors related to headache, especially migraine, included dizziness and vertigo. In the vertigo group, risks for migraine and other types of headaches were 2.808 and 2.526 times those of the non-vertigo group, respectively, while risks in the dizziness group were 8.248 and 5.732 times those of the non-dizziness group, respectively. “Different vestibular symptoms were all closely related to migraine, among which dizziness and vertigo were both significantly related,” the authors wrote. “Compared with patients with vertigo, patients with dizziness were more likely to be accompanied by migraine… When diagnosing vestibular migraine according to current criteria, some patients with non-vertigo vestibular symptoms might be missed.”