Nut consumption is associated with a significantly lower prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and lower all cause mortality with or without CKD, according to a study published in the American Journal of Nephrology. Researchers used data from 6,072 adults (aged 20 or older) to evaluate the association between the consumption of nuts and the prevalence of, and mortality associated with, CKD. Consuming nuts one to six times per week was associated with a lower prevalence of CKD (OR, 0.67). Higher nut consumption in the non CKD population also was significantly associated with lower all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. There was a consistently significant inverse association between consuming nuts one to six times per week and all-cause mortality in the CKD population (HR, 0.63). “We recommend the CKD population to have an adequate intake of nuts one to six times per week, while the consumption frequency can be more flexible for the non-CKD population,” the study authors wrote.