This study has been performed Because the treatment of intermittent claudication (IC) is elective, good short- and long-term outcomes are imperative. The objective of the present study was to examine the outcomes of endovascular management of IC reported in the Vascular Quality Initiative and compare them with the Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines for IC treatment to determine whether real-world results are within the guidelines.

Patients undergoing peripheral vascular intervention for IC from 2004 to 2017 with complete data and >9 month follow-up were included. The primary outcome measures were IC recurrence and repeat procedures performed ≤2 years after the initial treatment. Most patients treated with an endovascular approach to IC did not meet the Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines for long-term freedom from recurrent symptoms of >50% at 2 years. Many lacked preprocedure optimization of medical management. The use of atherectomy and treatment of more than two arteries were associated with poor outcomes after peripheral vascular intervention for IC, because only 32% of these patients were free from recurrent symptoms at 2 years. Even when risk factor modification is optimized before the procedure, vascular specialists should be aware of the association between atherectomy and multivessel interventions with poorer long-term outcomes and counsel patients appropriately before intervention.

Reference link-