Changes in contemporary living are related to an increase in the prevalence of allergies and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. The current age of fast development, with its attendant urbanization and migration, along with climate change, is encouraging an increase in allergy rates. Changes in indoor and outdoor surroundings caused by urbanization, industrialization, and climate change have a substantial impact on the occurrence and management of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. Rising temperatures, precipitation, and more severe weather allow for extended pollen seasons and higher viability of indoor and outdoor molds, resulting in increased exposure to these aeroallergens. As a result of changes in land use and development, fuel combustion and dust storms are important risk factors for rhino-conjunctivitis. To identify and understand the causes of indoor pollution, particularly phthalates, more research is needed.

Greater knowledge of the function of environmental aeroallergens in allergic rhino-conjunctivitis is critical for future allergic conjunctivitis treatment. Region-specific modeling of aeroallergens is necessary to anticipate and hence prevent exposure, as well as to better educate acceptable childhood exposure and reduce lifetime consequences.