This study clearly defines Information is paucity about the extent of contraceptive practices among the unmet need eligible couples after counselling. To assess the prevalence and associated factors of unmet need for family planning (FP), the extent to which they practise desired contraception methods after baseline counselling and the reasons for not practicing it. A community-based cross-sectional analytical study was conducted between 2016 and 2019 among 2228 currently married couples with periodic follow-ups of unmet need groups. Baseline data on unmet need were collected based on the National Family Health Survey questionnaire. Individual and couple counselling were performed through informing choice and the support for decision making was based on the unmet need reasons with follow-ups. The data were analysed using Stata software version 12.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX).

The total study population was 1924. The prevalence of unmet need for FP was 7.1% (137) with 2.9% (55) of unmet need for spacing and 4.3% (82) of limiting births. Age groups between 18 and 24 [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 4.463], 25–29 (AOR = 2.339), not having a child (AOR = 0.250), having one child (AOR = 2.369) and having lower socioeconomic status (AOR = 0.155) were significantly associated with unmet need. During the follow-ups, 37.2% (29/78) received who desired limiting births, while 43.6% (34/78) changed to spacing methods. In fact, the main reason for not adopting limiting births is the fear of post-operative surgery-related health problems.

This study emphasizes the need for follow-up counselling for guiding contraceptive use and recorded that majority of the unmet need couples started practicing contraception methods during the follow-ups. Besides, change in desired contraception methods was observed.

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