Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Overlapping Surgery Appears Safe for Common Procedures

TUESDAY, Feb. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Overlapping surgery is not associated with differences in in-hospital mortality or complication rates but is linked to increased surgery length, according to a study published in the Feb. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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2014 to 2017 Saw Improvement in Burnout for U.S. Physicians

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2014 to 2017, there was an improvement in burnout and satisfaction with work-life integration among U.S. physicians, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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National Health Spending Set to Increase 5.5 Percent Annually

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — National health spending is projected to increase at an annual rate of 5.5. percent from 2018 to 2027, with fundamental economic and demographic factors the main drivers, according to a report published online Feb. 20 in Health Affairs.

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Most Patients Do Not Disclose Complementary Medicine Use

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Just one-third of users of biologically based complementary medicine (CM) disclose their use to traditional health care providers, according to a review published online Feb. 7 in Scientific Reports.

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Vertical Integration Has Little Impact on Quality Measures

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vertical integration between hospitals and physicians has little impact on quality measures, while increased hospital market concentration is strongly associated with reduced quality in measures of patient satisfaction, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Medical Care Research and Review.

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New Kaiser Permanente Medical School Plans to Waive Tuition

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new medical school to be opened by California-based health system Kaiser Permanente will waive tuition for all students in its first five graduating classes.

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Hospital Prices Growing Faster Than Physician Prices

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Growth in hospital prices and payments outpaced growth in physician prices and payments from 2007 through 2014, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Brief Anesthesia in Infancy Does Not Mar Neurodevelopment

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Neurodevelopmental outcomes at 5 years of age are equivalent after brief general anesthesia or awake-regional anesthesia in infancy, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of The Lancet.

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Health Care Spending Per Person Increased to $5,641 in 2017

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2017, health care spending per person reached $5,641, according to the Health Care Cost Institute (HCCI) annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Many Systematic Reviews Do Not Fully Report Adverse Events

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many systematic review protocols in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) do not include adverse event reporting, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.

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Women Less Likely to Get Periop Care Before Hip Fracture Surgery

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Although more women have hip fracture surgery, they are less likely to receive perioperative geriatric care and anesthesia consultations, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Parents Conflicted About Opioid Use in Children

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Parents are conflicted about the use of prescribed opioids in children, with most concerned about side effects and risks but believing opioids are the most effective option for managing pain, according to a survey commissioned by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and released to coincide with Physician Anesthesiologists Week, held from Jan. 27 to Feb. 2.

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EEG-Guided Anesthesia Does Not Cut Postop Delirium in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For older adults undergoing surgery, electroencephalogram (EEG)-guided anesthetic administration is not associated with a reduction in postoperative delirium, according to a study published in the Feb. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Recommendations Updated for Tonsillectomy in Children

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Recommendations have been updated for tonsillectomy in children; the revised clinical practice guideline was published in a supplement to the February issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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