The main aim of this study is to understand The incidence of perigraft hygroma (PGH) development after aortic reconstruction remains poorly defined and its clinical relevance is questionable. This study was designed to establish the incidence of and determine the risk factors associated with PGH formation and its outcomes.

Patients who underwent open aortic reconstruction for either aneurysmal or occlusive disease with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) or polyester graft from 2004 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed (n = 262). Only those who had follow-up imaging 3 or more months after repair were included. Patients with mixed graft types were excluded. PGH was defined as a perigraft fluid collection of 30 mm or greater in diameter with a radiodensity of 30 or fewer Hounsfield units on computed tomography at a minimum of 3 postoperative months. Analysis was conducted between patients with and without PGH.

One hundred forty patients met the inclusion criteria: 88 were treated with ePTFE and 52 with polyester grafts. Twenty-three patients (16.4%) were found to have radiologic evidence of PGH. PGH developed more frequently in patients with ePTFE (21/88 [23.9%]) compared with those with polyester grafts. 

Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(19)32553-4/fulltext