This study clearly states that Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) are associated with loss of regulation of the alternative pathway of complement and its resulting overactivation. As rare diseases, genetic variants leading to aHUS and C3G were previously analysed in relatively low patient numbers. To improve this analysis, data were pooled from six centres. Totals of 610 rare variants for aHUS and 82 for C3G were presented in an interactive database for 13 genes. Using allele frequency comparisons with the Exome Aggregation Consortium as a reference genome, the patients with aHUS showed significantly more protein-altering ultrarare variants (allele frequency <0.01%) in five genes CFH, CFI, CD46, C3, and DGKE. In patients with C3G, the corresponding association was only found for C3 and CFH. Protein structure analyses of these five proteins showed distinct differences in the positioning of these variants in C3 and FH. For aHUS, variants were clustered at the C-terminus of FH and implicated changes in the binding of FH to host cell surfaces.

 

Reference link-https://www.ackdjournal.org/article/S1548-5595(20)30044-6/fulltext