For a study, researchers sought to identify the precise location of the pressure injury (PI), ascertain if sacrococcygeal skeletal morphology and morphometry traits were potential inherent risk factors for PIs, develop hypotheses and identify methodological concerns necessary for future bigger investigations.

In the case-control pilot investigation, 30 individuals who had undergone MRI scans were compared; 15 had PIs, and 15 did not. Important factors of sacrococcygeal morphology and morphometry were evaluated.

Individuals with PIs often showed larger sacral curvature and intercoccygeal angle compared to patients without PIs and less lumbosacral and sacrococcygeal angle. The coccyx types were more varied in patients with PIs. In some cases,, multiple measurements were impossible due to tissue and bone damage. The most frequent site of devastation was distant.

Patients with PIs had different sacrococcygeal measures, and the PIs were often situated distally. The authors advise doing a larger-scale version of this study since a few important factors call for more research to ascertain how they affect sacrococcygeal PIs. Despite being the most prevalent site for their development, sacrococcygeal shape and morphometry characteristics have not yet been investigated as potential inherent risk factors for PIs. The development of equipment, goods, and technology may benefit from the knowledge of potential damage processes caused by stresses exerted on the sacrococcygeal region by overlying skeletal structures and the corresponding tissue loading.

Reference: journals.lww.com/aswcjournal/Fulltext/2022/11000/Does_Sacrococcygeal_Skeletal_Morphology_and.3.aspx