Children are now diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at a rate of about 25%, and this number is rising. As a result, more patients eventually switched to adult care. Although it was uncertain what constitutes success, transition preparedness has been recognized as crucial to accomplishing a successful transition in the research. For a study, researchers sought to provide an overview of the research on the outcomes related to the transition of IBD patients from childhood to adult treatment.
The following procedures were used to perform a scoping review: Developing a research topic, finding pertinent studies, choosing a study, charting the data, compiling, summarizing, and reporting results, and consulting another investigator are the first 6 steps. Studies were found in 5 databases, and they were partially included if they addressed IBD as a disease of interest, defined a successful or unsuccessful transition as the movement and adjustment from pediatric to adult care, and evaluated patient outcomes up to 5 years after the patient’s first adult appointment.
There were 26 peer-reviewed studies total. Success in a transition was characterized by four studies and failure in a transition by two research. Six themes emerged from the categorization of transition outcomes: self-efficacy (n = 7), knowledge (n = 5), quality of life (n = 6), being at ease in adult care (n = 4), and health care consumption (n = 19).
The majority of research examined illness management (n = 15) and health care usage (n = 19) as themes for evaluating transition outcomes. In order to establish an agreement on the metrics for successful transitions, future research should concentrate on including patients and providers.