The objective of this study was to determine the influence of hemodynamic force on the development of type III endoleak and branch thrombosis after complex endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, within surgical range, treated with a fenestrated or branched endovascular aneurysm repair from 2014 to 2018 and with 3-month control computed tomography angiography were selected. Demographic variables, aneurysm anatomy, and endograft conformation were analyzed retrospectively from a prospective registry. The hemodynamic force was calculated using the mass and momentum conservation equations.

Twenty-eight patients were included; the mean follow-up period was 24.7 ± 19.3 months. There were 102 abdominal vessels successfully catheterized (19 celiac arteries, 29 superior mesenteric arteries, 27 right renal arteries, 26 left renal arteries, and 1 polar renal artery). The rate of type III endoleak was 11.5% (n = 12); six cases were associated with branches that received two stents (P < .001). A higher rate of endoleak was observed with wider stents. 

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