In this article We aimed to use genetic data to study whether these 2 disorders are causally linked or share genetic architecture.
We performed two-sample Mendelian randomization and linkage disequilibrium score regression using summary statistics from recent genome-wide meta-analyses of PD and restless legs syndrome.
We found no evidence for a causal relationship between restless legs syndrome (as the exposure) and PD (as the outcome, inverse variance-weighted; b = −0.003, SE = 0.031, P = 0.916; F statistic = 217.5). Reverse Mendelian randomization also did not demonstrate any causal effect of PD on restless legs syndrome (inverse variance-weighted; b = −0.012, SE = 0.023, P = 0.592; F statistic = 191.7). Linkage disequilibrium score regression analysis demonstrated lack of genetic correlation between restless legs syndrome and PD (rg = −0.028, SE = 0.042, P = 0.507). There was no evidence for a causal relationship or genetic correlation between restless legs syndrome and PD. The associations observed in epidemiological studies could be attributed, in part, to confounding or nongenetic determinants.
Reference link- https://movementdisorders.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mds.28640