The early and short-term efficacy of the snorkel/chimney technique for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR) have been previously reported. However, long-term ch-EVAR performance, vessel patency, and patient survival remain unknown. Our study evaluated the late outcomes to identify possible predictors of failure within the PERICLES (performance of the chimney technique for the treatment of complex aortic pathologies) registry.

Clinical and radiographic data from patients who had undergone ch-EVAR from 2008 to 2014 in the PERICLES registry were updated with an extension of the follow-up. Regression models were used to evaluate the relevant anatomic and operative characteristics as factors influencing the late results. We focused on patients with ≥30 months of follow-up (mean, 46.6 months; range, 30-120 months).

The present analysis of the PERICLES registry has provided the missing long-term experience for the ch-EVAR technique, showing favorable results with more than one half of the patients surviving for >5 years and a chimney graft branch vessel patency of 92%. The absence of an infrarenal neck and treatment with a sealing zone diameter >30 mm were the main anatomic long-term limits of the technique, requiring adequate preoperative planning and determination of the appropriate indication.

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