This study states that Data are limited with regard to the association between low-grade albuminuria (below the threshold of microalbuminuria) and high cardiovascular risk in normoalbuminuric Chinese adults free of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
A total of 32 650 participants aged over 40 years from seven regional centers in China were included in this study. The single-void first morning urine sample was collected to measure the urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and the data were divided into sex-specific quartiles. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) was used to identify participants at high risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) over the next 10 years and the association between low-grade albuminuria and high 10-year Framingham risk for CHD (FRS ≥20%) was investigated.
Among males and females, the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia) increased markedly with the elevation of UACR quartiles. Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratios (ORs) for high 10-year risk of CHD increased significantly from the second quartile in males (UACR: 4.78 ~ 7.53 mg/g, OR = 1.21, 95% confidence interval.
Reference link- https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1753-0407.13152