WEDNESDAY, Nov. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1968 to 2017, there was a decrease in object-related aspiration deaths in children and adolescents, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

John D. Cramer, M.D., from the Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, and colleagues examined deaths caused by object-related aspiration in the National Vital Statistics System for children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years. Deaths were examined beginning in 1968 through 2017.

The researchers identified 20,629 object-related aspiration deaths. From 1968 to 2017, there was a decrease in object-related aspiration deaths from 1.02 to 0.25 per 100,000 children. The annual percentage change was −2.0, −6.1, and −2.5 percent in 1968 to 1990, 1990 to 2003, and 2003 to 2017, respectively. The annual percentage change for children younger than 3 years was −2.8 percent in 1968 to 1991, −8.4 percent in 1991 to 1999, and −2.4 percent in 1999 to 2017. Mortality was stable in 1968 to 1976 in children ages 3 years or older and then decreased thereafter (annual percentage change, −2.1 percent in 1976 to 1992; −4.5 percent in 1992 to 2017).

“Although object-related aspiration deaths among children and adolescents have declined, 184 children died of this cause in 2017,” the authors write. “Additional prevention strategies should be considered.”

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