Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Acute Kidney Injury Often Seen With Checkpoint Inhibitor Use
THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients receiving checkpoint inhibitor therapy often have acute kidney injury (AKI), according to a study published online Oct. 31 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Factors Tied to Pregnancy Rates in Women on Dialysis Explored
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Due to impaired fertility, pregnancy is not common in women on dialysis, but the pregnancy rate is higher than previously thought, and several factors are associated with the likelihood of pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Up Slightly, Mortality Lower in 2017
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy has increased slightly in the United States, and mortality is lower than in 2007, according to a report published Oct. 30 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.
Facebook Launches Preventive Health Tool
TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new tool designed to help guide preventive care for heart disease, cancer, and seasonal flu was launched in the United States Monday by Facebook.
Outcomes Poor With Medical Care From Fraud, Abuse Perpetrators
MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receiving medical care from fraud and abuse perpetrators (FAPs), subsequently excluded from Medicare, is associated with higher rates of all-cause mortality and emergency hospitalization, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Cardiac Biomarkers May ID High CV Risk in Patients With CKD
MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have elevated cardiac biomarkers and are at increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events, according to research published online Oct. 23 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Cardiologist Most Represented Specialist in Diabetes Care
MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cardiologists are the highest represented specialists among patients with diabetes, according to a research letter published online Oct. 23 in JAMA Cardiology.
Fewer Women Than Men Receive Kidney Replacement Therapy
THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fewer women than men receive kidney replacement therapy (KRT), according to a large European study published online Oct. 24 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Poor Health Literacy Tied to More Hardships Among Cancer Survivors
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Health insurance literacy may be an important intervention for addressing financial problems associated with cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.
More Choices, Lower Premiums for ACA Consumers Next Year
TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There will be more health insurance choices and a slight decrease in premiums for many consumers next year under the Affordable Care Act, according to the Trump administration.
Use of Deceased Donor Kidneys Varies by Center
THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is center-level variation in the use of deceased donor kidneys, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Risk for Cancer Incidence, Mortality Increased With Psoriasis
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk for developing or dying from cancer, according to a review published online Oct. 16 in JAMA Dermatology.
Likelihood of Transplant Lower at Profit-Driven Dialysis Facilities
TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with end-stage kidney disease who undergo dialysis at for-profit institutions are less likely to receive a kidney transplant, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors
FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patient portal use has a positive impact on preventive health behaviors, but not on chronic health outcomes, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.
SGLT2 Inhibitors Protect Against Kidney Disease in T2DM
THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The class of diabetes drugs known as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors protect against kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a review published online Sept. 5 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Medicare Fraud-Prevention Rules to Be Revised
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Revision of decades-old Medicare rules meant to prevent fraud has been proposed by the Trump administration.
2000 to 2015 Saw Increase in Medicare GME Payments
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicare graduate medical education (GME) payments increased significantly from 2000 to 2015, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
American Indians, Alaska Natives Have Higher Cancer Incidence
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population faces a higher risk for many cancers than white Americans living in the same geographical region, according to a study published in the October issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated
TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The estimated cost of waste in the U.S. health care system varies from $760 to $935 billion, according to a special communication published online Oct. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature
TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In the published literature, burnout in health care professionals is frequently associated with poor-quality care, but the effect size may be smaller than reported, according to data from a systematic review published online Oct. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease
TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) target value of <6.5 percent does not offer additional protection against organ complications for patients with type 1 diabetes compared with a target of 6.5 to 6.9 percent, according to a study recently published in The BMJ.
eGFR Affects Risk for Opioid-Related Death, Hospitalization
FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receipt of prescription opioids is associated with an increased risk for death and hospitalization, especially in patients with lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs), according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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