The aim is To investigate the associations of Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) ultrasound scores for knee osteoarthritis (OA) with pain severity, other symptoms, and OA severity on radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods. Participants with symptomatic and mild to moderate radiographic knee OA underwent baseline dynamic ultrasound (US) assessment according to standardized OMERACT scanning protocol. Using the published US image atlas, a physician operator obtained semiquantitative or binary scores for US pathologies. Clinical severity was measured on numerical rating scale (NRS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) symptoms and pain subscores. OA severity was assessed using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade on radiographs and MRI Osteoarthritis Knee Score (MOAKS) on noncontrast-enhanced MRI. Separate linear regression models were used to determine associations of US OA pathologies with pain and KOOS subscores, and Spearman correlations were used for US scores with KL grade and MOAKS.

Results. Eighty-nine participants were included. Greater synovial hypertrophy, power Doppler (PD), and meniscal extrusion scores were associated with worse NRS pain.

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